Glossary

TermDefinition
Asset-based approacha way of looking at issues that doesn't focus on a need or deficit, but rather looks at the existing potential or resources that could be used to make change happen.
Attributionhow much credit you or other organisations can take for a particular change or effect.
Autonomythe capacity to make decisions and take action in our lives.
Benchmark dataacts as a point of reference that you can compare your own data to.
Closed questionsmean that people can only opt to respond using a set of pre-determined answers.
Codingis where you summarise and organise the key messages from qualitative data.
Community wellbeingthe social, economic, environmental, cultural, and political conditions that enable a community to flourish.
CompetenceFeeling accomplishment from what you do and being able to make use of your abilities.
Demographic questionsare questions that help you identify characteristics of people such as gender, age and ethnicity.
Domainsthe different aspects that make up wellbeing
European Social Surveya survey that has been carried out in more than 30 countries across Europe since 2001. It measures social attitudes, beliefs and behaviour patterns.
Focus groupused to carry our qualitative research, this is a group interview or discussion on a particular topic. It is a good way to find out how people feel or think about an issue.
Linear regression modelIs an approach for modeling the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more explanatory variables (or independent variables). For example, between age groups (exploratory) and wellbeing (dependent).
Meanthe average of a range of data, and an important measure that allows you to compare different findings to each other.
National Wellbeing Dashboardan online visual overview of the ONS nationall wel-being data, which allows users to search by domains of wellbeing
Objective wellbeingWellbeing measured by ‘factual’ information such as our income rather than how we feel.
Office for National StatisticsA non-ministerial Government department that provides data to help with economic, social and environmental policy making.
Open questionsQuestions that allow someone to answer how they wish to rather than pick a response from a list of options.
Ordinary least squares regressionis a method for understanding how well a model - or calculation- fits the data by estimating the unknown parameters. It is used with a linear regression model.
Outcomesare the consequences of an organisation doing something.
Outputsare evidence that an organisation has done something.
Overall assessment / evaluative measuresmeasure of wellbeing that ask people to step back and look at their life overall, rather than at a particular moment in time
Positive affect / negative affectfeelings of happiness, good mood, interest or engagement with life / feelings of unhappiness, bad mood, disinterest or lethargy with life.
Purposean aspect of wellbeing that captures our sense that the things we do are worthwhile.
Qualitative datais data that is words rather than numbers.
Quantitative datais data that is numbers rather than stories.
Randomised Control Triala study in which a number of similar people are randomly assigned to 2 (or more) groups to test the effects of an activity or treatment. Used very widely in medicine, this type of study helps reduce bias.
Reliable datais data that we can be confident will be stable over time.
ResilienceThe ability to recover quickly from set backs, and deal with problems and difficulties
SignificantSignificance relates to the strength of the relationship between two variables (for example gender and wellbeing). When we measure the effects of one variable on another, we also try to look at how significant the relationship is (which can be positive or negative). This helps us to explain how confident we can be that the results apply to the population described.
Social capitalthe non-economic resources that exist in a community - especially the strength of its networks and relationships.
Subjective wellbeingis wellbeing measures on the basis of how we feel about ourselves and how we are doing.
ThresholdsA threshold is a value that you compare your results to that may be set in terms of national benchmarks or previous performance of the organisation or service.